Causes and Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation
Your heart is responsible for pumping blood all over your body. However, normal blood pumping and circulation may change due to the occurrence of diseases and heart complications. Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition that causes the upper chambers of your heart (atria) and the lower chamber (ventricles) to lose coordination. Once the atria and ventricles lose coordination, the normal blood circulation changes, causing blood insufficiency in different body parts. When you experience shortness of breath, heart pounding, fluttering, and beating irregularly, find treatment at atrial fibrillation in Frisco. Below are the causes of atrial fibrillation disorder.
The primary causes of atrial fibrillation disorder
Atrial fibrillation is common to the aged and those people with other body complications and illnesses. This disease also affects a specific group of people more than others. The causes include:
- High blood pressure. Hypertension mostly affects the heart, and it can cause stroke and even death. However, high blood pressure has no noticeable signs and symptoms, thus it is vital to undergo a check-up for awareness. Unexpected blood flow may damage your heart valves resulting in excessive blood entering the heart. Excess blood can damage your chamber, thus losing coordination.
- Heart disease. Heart diseases are common to many people around the globe. Heart valve disease and frequent heart attacks can lead to atrial fibrillation. When your heart valves are diseased, they may fail to regulate the amount of blood entering the heart. Excess blood requires high pressure to be pumped, thus causing blood pressure. However, the received blood into the heart should be directly proportional to the blood leaving the heart. Once the proportion is not achieved, there will be an insufficient supply of blood in your body.
- Carbon monoxide poisoning. Once you breathe in carbon monoxide, it combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which kills cells. Due to the presence of carbon in your blood, it can cause suffocation and even death.
Treatment and management of atrial fibrillation disorder
There are several ways your cardiologist can treat atrial fibrillation. One, medication is given to control your heart rate, thus reducing the chances of getting a stroke and hypertension. Antibiotics called anti-arrhythmic prevent the occurrence of atrial fibrillation by maintaining and restoring the normal rhythm of the heart and controlling the way your heart beats. The anti-arrhythmic drugs are prescribed according to the condition of your atrial fibrillation. It is prohibited to prescribe yourself some medication since some medications may have severe side effects.
Other medications are available to restore your heart rhythm. These medicines include sotalol and flecainide. Additional medication to control the rate of your heartbeat. Medicines like bisoprolol, atenolol, verapamil, and diltiazem are used to control your heartbeat. They restore your heartbeat from above 110 beats per minute to around 90 beats per minute.
Atrial fibrillation is a condition that affects the normal functioning of the heart. This disease affects the functionality of your heart chambers, making them lose coordination. Improper blood circulation in the body may cause severe complications such as stroke. It is essential to seek treatment before atrial fibrillation persists.